Monday, August 24, 2020

How democratic is the electoral college, based on the principals and Essay

How law based is the appointive school, in view of the principals and methods of reasoning of the Framers of the Constitution - Essay Example In an offer to accomplish this target, USA has had different methods of choosing the president. General races and the constituent universities are the principle roads for recognizing or choosing the president. In each presidential political decision, the two strategies are utilized (Dahl, 2001). Nonetheless, the Electoral College technique as a rule overrides the general political decision strategy, that is, an individual with most of votes from the general political decision may neglect to be the president based on the Electoral College strategy. The Framers of the American Constitution chose the Electoral Colleges technique as a method of choosing the victor of a presidential political decision in the midst of it streams. It is imperative to see how majority rule the Electoral College strategy is inside the determination of a president. This would incorporate how the composers would assess the Electoral College based on their establishing ways of thinking and composing. What's more , it is imperative to comprehend what the designers would think about American government today and the expectations they had just as the destinations and points that they (composers) needed to achieve in setting up another country. Ultimately, a more profound comprehension of this idea would require an examination of the hypotheses and structures in the old style time with those in present day real factors concerning the Electoral College. ... The constitution as readied by the composers doesn't mirror their perspectives, goals, and achievements as featured later in this conversation. It is an occasion that though the composers would have needed an American culture where the official is chosen by encoded balloters, actually the American official is chosen by the controlled, fanatic, political operators, and non-agent voters. The composers would see the American government as undemocratic as well as shaped based on any secured interests. Balloters are normally designated by the states in correspondence to the quantity of congresspersons and other administrative agents (Williams, 2011). It is accepted that the arrangement of the balloters targets ensuring the interests of the littler states, which based on the composers is against the bill of rights settled in inside the constitution. Advocates for the evacuation of the constituent framework contend that the legislature is shaped for the individuals and not the states (Dahl, 2001). In addition, this was the principle expectation and target of the composers. The target of the designers in settling in the Electoral College framework inside the choice of the president was to have people of ethicalness and extraordinary characters to choose the president. Numerous people, for example, James Madison keep on accepting that the allotment of the voters inside the Electoral Colleges goes past the insurance of American residents as settled in inside the Bill of Rights (Williams, 2011). One inquiry that James Madison pose is whether the less populated states have extra rights or interests that make them qualified for exceptional security against the inconsistent portrayal. In this inquiry, it

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Discuss the ideal knowledge management environment Free Essays

In today’s expanding serious condition and the new economy of block and snap ventures, information the board (KM) can be considered as a business coordination discipline which tries, ‘to improve the presentation of people and associations by keeping up and utilizing the present and future estimation of information assets’ (Newman, B. , ; Conrad, K. W. We will compose a custom paper test on Talk about the perfect information the board condition or on the other hand any comparative subject just for you Request Now , 1999, p. 2). While individuals have censured data and information the board as something very similar, information the executives is certainly not another training yet rather the translations of information the board and its systems have relentlessly changed. Effective block and snap ventures are those which often the executives information and perceives information as a source and reconciliation instrument to driving the development and maintainability of business disciplines, and subsequently recognizes the high vulnerabilities of progress ‘between the information assets and the business execution results, and, the holes between the worth these undertakings make and the worth requested by changing economic situations, purchaser inclinations, serious contributions, changing plans of action, and, industry structures’ (Malhorta, Y. 2004). In any case, the information creation process doesn't really prompt business upgrades or worth creation (Chen, C. J. , ; Huang, J. W. , 2007), yet more on how information is taken care of, circled and applied inside a virtual domain, empowering information streams between the individual and its hierarchical culture. Hence, it is the reason for this article to examine the perfect condition, wherein worth must be made when information is scattered and sufficiently applied where required by utilization of information the executives techniques; besides it will recognize that a ‘well-created information the board framework would animate the innovativeness of every representative by giving precisely the information that worker should be ideally creative’ (Finneran, T. On the web, No Date). You can peruse likewise Portfolio Management Quizzes In the new developing economy the administration of information is a basic factor for the achievement and upper hand of any association; just like the producing of new information to satisfy hierarchical destinations and to accomplish more prominent business improvement. As per Resnick, L. M. , (2004, p. 87), as contemporary associations develop to a progressively virtual structure, they lose and gain connections among representatives, administrators, clients and providers on a sporadic nuts and bolts; and without pragmatic administration, the information made through these connections will be lost. Hence, collecting a ‘effective information the board will empower associations to shield themselves from the misfortunes experienced when representatives and accomplices end their relationship with the company’ (Resnick, L. M. , 2004, p. 288). Business Management Study Guide iframe class=wp-implanted substance sandbox=allow-contents security=restricted style=position: supreme; cut: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px); src= executives study-direct/insert/#?secret=tcPWSM1wUf information secret=tcPWSM1wUf width=500 height=282 title=#8220;Business Management Study Guide#8221; #8212; Free Essays - frameborder=0 marginwidth=0 marginheight=0 scrolling=no/iframe While specialists have contended that data as well as information the board rehearses isn't just about the organization of data, but instead involves the executives prerequisites for information the executives frameworks to be incorporated to all parts of the virtual condition; a very much developed information the board framework will block the creation and coordinated effort of innovativeness over every authoritative subunit. Finneran, T. (On the web, No date) portrays information the executives basically where ‘Knowledge Management imagines getting the Right Information inside the Right Context to the Right Person at the Right Time for the Right Business Purpose’. This view recommends the perfect condition wherein people or gathering information ought to be adequately conveyed over every single authoritative division in manners which straightforwardly sway on business execution. Basically, the perfect information the board condition will develop and exploit existing and new information through the execution and mix of KM systems, best practices, structures, and advancements that will at last animate the improvement of imagination and creative thoughts of individuals. Basically, the essential idea of information the board is tied in with sharing information to use existing information, animate advancement and to accomplish operational viability. As KM develops numerous organizations will begin to take a gander at KM with an increasingly all encompassing methodology, however ‘research shows that albeit numerous organizations have started to build up a type of information the board capacities, not very many (6%) have actualized information the executives programs on an undertaking wide scale’ (Kidwell, J. J. , Vander Linde, K. M. , ; Johnson, S. L. , 2000, p. 30). The origination on KM best practices ought not basically center around one single sort of activity for upper hand, however rather revolve around expanding on the center business abilities and procedures around information sharing. For example, information sharing can be accomplished through the making of an information network intended to catch information from people and store in groups and the association; adopting an institutional worldwide strategy in encouraging information varying and in separating the social boundaries among association and its clients. Finneran, T. , (Online, No Date) recommend that ‘practitioners of Knowledge Management have discovered that a basic achievement factor in the execution of information the board is the formation of a social domain that energizes the sharing of information’. Information people group can be seen as ‘Global people group of interest’ which invigorates virtual and worldwide associations through basic classifications of intrigue, which are not limited and attached to by physical and hierarchical hindrances. A few KM best practices and patterns have risen in the course of the most recent couple of years and are estimated to shape the manner in which information is to be overseen. It incorporates the appearance of innovation arrangements, the association of information the executives with e-business, development from restricted KM ventures to big business wide task and expanding the utilization of KM to upgrade advancement and of strategy information instead of unequivocal information. (Kidwell, J. J. , Vander Linde, K. M. , ; Johnson, S. L. , 2000, p. 29). By and large, information can be hard to classify and can likewise be profoundly emotional. Two kind of information which is perceived in KM are unequivocal and strategy, and when applied beneficially inside an association it can assist with expanding upper hand through development and information sharing. In a perfect world, strategy information would better guide activities and settle on better educated choices dependent on the capacity use on recognition, hands-on aptitudes, encounters, know-hows, bits of knowledge, etc. Strategy information is close to home, hard to formalize, impart and move; at last it is information that is inserted inside individuals in an association. Seonghee, K. , (1999) proposes that KM best practices draw on strategy information for innovativeness and ‘ensures assignments adequacy †that the correct things are being accomplished with the goal that work unit could achieve its destinations. It likewise accommodates a sort of inventive vigor †instinct and heuristic can frequently handle extreme issues that would some way or another be hard to solve’. Practically, information the executives structures offer a horde of opportunities for associations and help to construct the uprightness of information dispersal and application inside an association, giving the incalculable advantages in applying a KM system which expands on the idea of information the board in points of interest to the authoritative condition, its business procedures and exercises. With the change in outlook and marvel of the need and comprehension of information the executives in the course of the most recent quite a while, numerous specialists have proposed various ways to deal with KM structures, every one of which have just tended to specific parts of information the board. Holsapple, C. W. , and Joshi, K. D. , (1999, p. ) extensively arranges KM systems into two classifications; elucidating structures which endeavors to portray the idea of the KM wonders with extra sub classifications including board and explicit structures to depict the entire of the KM marvels, and prescriptive systems specifies the approachs for performing information the executives. For examples, the ‘Core Capabilities and Knowledge Building’ structure started by Leonard-Barton, D. (1995), and as depicted in Holsapple, C. W. , and Joshi, K. D. , (1999, p. 2) paper, centers around the significance in the characterisation of the KM wonder and in this manner classifying it as a board structure. This KM structure presented by Leonard-Barton (1995), includes four information building exercises that encompass the four center abilities, which Leonard-Barton affirms is key to an information based association (KBO). The four information building exercises focused on information creation and dissemination are recognized in the system as: shared and innovative critical thinking, executing and incorporating new techniques and devices, testing and prototyping, and bringing in and retaining advancements from outside of the firm’s information. Also, Leonard-Barton communicates that these four information building exercises are affected by the center abilities recognized in the structure as being:

Friday, July 24, 2020

When is the Right Time to Start Making Citations

When is the Right Time to Start Making Citations (1) You probably know that including citations in your research paper is an important component of the writing process. They prevent you from committing plagiarism, and inform your reader about where you found outside information that supports your paper’s argument. Sometimes, however, it can be difficult to know when to start making these all-important references amid the rush of getting your paper completed on time. Here are some helpful tips about when to start making citations that should help you get the grade you deserve on your next assignment. 1. Make In-text/Parenthetical Citations as You Need Them As you are writing your paper, be sure to include references within the text that correspond with references in a works cited or bibliography. These are usually called in-text citations or parenthetical citations in MLA and APA formats. The most effective time to complete these is directly after you have made your reference to another source. For instance, after writing the line from Charles Dickens’ A Tale of Two Cities: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times…,” you would include a citation like this (depending on your chosen citation style): (Dickens 11). This signals to the reader that you have referenced an outside source. What’s great about this system is that the in-text citations serve as a natural list for all of the citations you have made in your paper, which will make completing the works cited page a whole lot easier. After you are done writing, all that will be left for you to do is scan your paper for these references, and then build a works cited page that includes a citation for each one. Need help creating an MLA works cited page? Try the MLA format generator on ! 2. Understand the General Formatting Rules of Your Citation Style Before You Start Writing While reading up on paper formatting may not sound exciting, being aware of how your paper should look early on in the paper writing process is super important. Citation styles can dictate more than just the appearance of the citations themselves, but rather can impact the layout of your paper as a whole, with specific guidelines concerning margin width, title treatment, and even font size and spacing. Knowing how to organize your paper before you start writing will ensure that you do not receive a low grade for something as trivial as forgetting a hanging indent. Don’t know where to start? Here’s a formatting guide on APA format. 3. Double-check All of Your Outside Sources for Relevance and Trustworthiness First Collecting outside sources that support your research and specific topic is a critical step in writing an effective paper. But before you run to the library and grab the first 20 books you can lay your hands on, keep in mind that selecting a source to include in your paper should not be taken lightly. Before you proceed with using it to backup your ideas, run a quick Internet search for it and see if other scholars in your field have written about it as well. Check to see if there are book reviews about it or peer accolades. If you spot something that seems off to you, you may want to consider leaving it out of your work. Doing this before your start making citations can save you a ton of time in the long run. Worried about missing a citation? Learn more about EasyBib Plus’s grammar and plagiarism checker. It can help you spot information you may need to cite, as well as give suggestions to improve your writing. In addition, sharpen your grammar IQ with our guides nouns, adverbs, prepositions, determiners, and more!

Friday, May 22, 2020

Personal Statement My Group Experience - 1119 Words

Jessica Cortez Valentin Comm 8-8:00a.m Nov. 8, 2015 My Group Experience I never enjoyed doing any school work in a group. Somehow I always ended up doing all the work while everyone else in my group got to â€Å"chill† and not worry about anything. I always saw it as either I do it and get a good grade or I do not do it and we all fail. I knew I always had the chance to let my teachers know I did all the work and let my group get no credit for it, but I was always too nice to do that. I came into this class as a freshman not knowing what to expect. All I knew was that I was not good at doing speeches alone, so this class was probably my best bet. My first group experience in this class completely changed the way I feel about doing work as a group. We were all able to communicate with each other very well and allowed one another to voice their opinions about how they felt we were doing things. We also all got along with each other which made it fairly easy to figure out our group roles and responsibilities. While de ciding on the topic of our first presentation, the informative speech, we each looked up different ideas and told each other what we were all interested in. Once we got an idea of what each person found interesting we were now able to pick a topic we would all enjoy researching and learning about. Now all we had to do was decide who was responsible for all the different roles we had to fulfill in order to get the presentation done. Another thing we had to doShow MoreRelatedGroup Therapy : An Effective Form Of Treatment940 Words   |  4 PagesGroup therapy is an effective form of treatment that brings maladaptive interpersonal patterns into the open and allows new behaviors to be attempted in a safe environment (Yalom Leszcz, 2005, p. xv). In its initial stage, a group is concerned with orientation, developing group norms, and exploring members’ expectations, anxieties, and insecurities about being accepted (Corey, Corey, Corey, 2014, p. 145). The current group has one st ated purpose: â€Å"Make yourself known, and get to know others†Read MoreHow to Write a Supporting Statement1268 Words   |  6 Pagessupporting statements and personal statements Applications – the basics (Givens: to really take seriously, work on a photocopy/sheet of paper first, keep a copy of what has been sent, complete in black biro) †¢ Do not scatter-gun. Decide on a direction and stick at it. †¢ Put in your best effort – they WILL notice if you don’t. †¢ ‘Full’ or ‘complete’ details means what it says. Where it doesn’t, you may have licence to pick and choose. †¢ Personal/supportingRead MoreMy Leadership Style And The Adult Learning Principles Applied1584 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction To orientate any new group in a group work situation, a set of activities classified as Ice-breakers are facilitated by a group leader. As the inherent purpose of these activities is to promote participation, enhance familiarity and develop cohesion they are designated to be interactive and fun. The purpose of this report is to discuss the ice-breaker activity â€Å"Two Truths and a lie†, I facilitated during my blended delivery workshop, to demonstrate my skills as a group leader. This report willRead MoreMy Interest On Medicine Stems From Family Experiences1163 Words   |  5 PagesPersonal Statement My interest in medicine stems from family experiences. My grandmother suffered from Parkinson’s disease for most of her life and required constant care. Helping my grandmother with simple tasks like eating breakfast, or helping her up the stairs was a humbling experience. This experience drove my curiosity about the human anatomy, specifically the brain and how it is treated, which led to the realisation that, for me, a satisfying career would involve helping others. A careerRead MoreWriting A Decent Essay Can Be Nerve Racking, Time Consuming, And You1342 Words   |  6 Pagesboggling. After last week’s timed writing practice, I was able to experience the dreadful event of producing a piece of artwork, which in my case was to deliver an essay, on the spot. Being faced with this challenge has not only helped me identify several techniques that I must improve on, but it has also allowed me to gain an awareness to areas of writing I do comprehend. Let’s begin by recognizing the first area in need of improvement, my introduction. We have been taught that every introduction needsRead MoreRacial Profiling : A National Epidemic Of Violent Crime1598 Words   |  7 Pagessubjective beliefs and statements, it is right or wrong dependent on one s belief. In this essay we are going to analyze various arguments that will answer those questions. Racial profiling is an issue that has been around since the early 1940’s. Even though we are in the 21st Century, the debate about racial profiling will never fade away. The frightening belief that individuals will view African Americans as a threat is unethical in the eyes of many. There will always be a group trying to draw aRead MoreMy Passion For Christ Drive Everything That I Do933 Words   |  4 Pages2.1 Mission Statement. I am determined to allow my passion for Christ drive everything that I do. This includes being a good friend and investing myself into people more, asking the hard questions both in class and in life, and improving on my self judgement (being my own worst enemy). Included in this is, having more internal self-confidence. I will also take advantage of my strengths by accepting that imperfections are normal, and weakness will allow me to grow and trust more with all of thisRead MoreMy Ethical Principles Of The Student Affairs Profession Essay1476 Words   |  6 PagesMy Ethical Principles Statement One important aspect of the student affairs profession is the importance and involvement of ethics within your daily life and within the workplace. From personal experience I believe that autonomy, faithfulness, doing no harm, and the ability to be just are extremely important. I also believe that there are many important expectations found in NASPA’s Standards of Professional Practice. These expectations include, equal consideration and treatment of others, assessmentRead MorePersonal And Career Development Program1144 Words   |  5 PagesOver the past 24 weeks, the Personal and Career Development program and the internship helped me learn a lot about myself. The professional path helps me gained more confidence and experience and has given me a substantial opportunity to discover my practical and management skills. As a result, I learned about my thinking approach, decision-making ability, capacity, and time management skills. I become more confident in communicating w ith others, how to discuss and make effective decisions whileRead MoreAssessment of Counseling With Intern Project Essay1620 Words   |  7 PagesUpon beginning my counseling sessions at the student counseling center, I was unsure of what I would experience as a client, unsure of how I would react or what I would disclose during the sessions, and I was nervous about participating in counseling sessions. Before my first session, I found myself reflecting on why I felt so uneasy and nervous about participating in an individual session. Specifically, I remember thinking about how this activity would give me the opportunity to be a client

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The Power of Words - 922 Words

The Power of Words Language. Mankind’s first invention, and probably their greatest. Random strings of sounds and shapes, called â€Å"words† that have the ability to create wonders†¦or to annihilate them. My association with words, is a very old one. All my life (thus far), I’ve used them for a variety of purposes, the most recent of which has been to explore myself. Words first came to my rescue at a very early stage in life, in the form of poetry. I was in kindergarten, a very ordinary boy, with absolutely nothing remarkable to be proud of. But, I never was happy with that. You see, for almost as long as I can remember, I’ve wanted to be different, to stand out in a crowd. This desire was present in me back then too, albeit unrecognized. But, I did know that something wasn’t right with the way things were going, that something had to change. This knowledge was all but driving me crazy. And then, the day came. My class teacher announced that the school was holding a poetry recitation competition. I raced home and told mum and dad that I wanted to take part, and they set about training me to recite â€Å"Oh Captain, My Captain†, a poem by Walt Whitman. And finally, on the day of that competition, standing up on stage, I found the solution to my dilemma. I found somewhere I fit in, and found something that would undoubtedly se t me apart. I found, a love for words. And with that one little competition (I won 2nd place too!), I was off! Before I go any further, there are a fewShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Power of Words1029 Words   |  5 PagesThe Power of Words Communication and language are not always synonymous. Gesticulations and facial expression can convey certain messages that often make verbal expression unnecessary. Although I appreciate the endless possibilities that are associated with speaking, our primary means of communication, I have discovered that the human capacity for speech might not be as extremely innate as the linguist Noam Chomsky claimed. A few years ago, I had the privilege of encountering a thirty-five year-oldRead MorePower Of Words In 19841160 Words   |  5 PagesThe Complicated Power of Words â€Å"WAR IS PEACE; FREEDOM IS SLAVERY; IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH† (Orwell 4). However appealing this statement seems to be to the people of the Party; these words are nevertheless their identity and are tied both to their personal self and to their seemingly inherent love for their party. In George Orwell’s 1984, he uses politically-charged language to put a spotlight on and capture the public’s attention to political movements happening both inside and outside the story thatRead MorePower of Words Essay1071 Words   |  5 Pagesbones but words will never hurt me. Have you ever stopped to actually think about this phrase? Bones will break, but wordsÂ… words can truly hurt. There have been too many real life traumas and too many real life incidents for anyone to support this phrase and believe in the message behind its words. Each word in the English language has a specific meaning, and many are meant to provoke emotion. Words can mean so much from the 3 words I love you that everyone wants to hear to the 3 words that canRead MoreThe Power Of A Word Is Humongous1247 Words   |  5 Pages The power of a word is humongous. Writing is a weapon in the hands of human beings, and we all need to know how to use this weapon to make the world a better place. Persuasive writing is a form of writing the main purpose of which is to persuade readers that the writer’s opinion is correct. But how can you convince anybody through writing? What are the components of the persuasive writing? How is persuasive writing different from verbal persuasion? These are the questions that individualsRead MoreThe Power of the Printed Word697 Words   |  3 PagesThe Power of the Printed Word 1) Uncle Toms Cabin was a highly influential book on Englands view of American slavery in the Deep South. This novel promoted abolition and intensified sectional conflict between the north and south. 2) The Declaration of Independence formalized the colonies separation from Britain and laid out the Enlightenment values (best expressed by John Locke) of natural rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness upon which the American Revolution was based. Read More The Power of Words Essay2225 Words   |  9 Pageshe had of the city was reduced to what she said of it, and finally it was her speech alone that could call up and protect that picture. †©He †©came †©to †©the†© conclusion †©that, †©once†© abandoned †©by†© words, †©the †©city†© would †©fall †©into†© ruins.† — Abdekelkebir †©Khatibi, †©Love†© in †©Two†© Languages Words are very powerful things, they are not simply just letters written on a sheet of paper; they can inspire, motivate, and evoke certain emotions. Think of your favorite songs and realize that the lyricsRead MoreThe Power Of Words And Language2064 Words   |  9 PagesThe Power of words and Language in Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland and E.B. White’s Charlotte’s Web: Lewis Carroll’s Alice in Wonderland and E.B. White’s Charlotte’s Web, both use a wide vocabulary and a play on words, that may not be familiar to the young readers whom they are intended for, but the use of these words aid in the themes of the novel and the overall plots of the works. This specific use of words and a focus on the language aids in the salvation of Wilbur in Charlotte’s Web, andRead MorePower of One Word1899 Words   |  8 PagesThe Power of a Word A single word can be used to belittle, hurt, and humiliate. One word can cause so much hurt to a person that they burst into tears or spiral down into a damaging hole that they can t get out of for an extended amount of time. Throughout history, names have been used to keep a population in its place. Insults have been hurled to make a single person understand what another thinks of them. Words are used all the time to cause damage to a person or an entire peoples soulRead MoreThe Book Thief And The Power Of Words969 Words   |  4 PagesBook Thief and the Power of Words â€Å"The Book Thief† is a novel and film about a girl who survives death during WW2 and how words became very important to her life. Liesel Meminger was brought to her foster home unable to read. Her foster father, Hans, finds out she can’t read and helps teaches her German. Liesel then falls in love with words and uses them to write her story.The theme â€Å"power of words† is displayed in the novel and film equally. Three ways the power of words were shown was by makingRead MoreEssay about Power of Words1417 Words   |  6 PagesThe Power of Words In 2004, human rights were violated in the form of physical, psychological and sexual abuse, including torture, rape and homicide of prisoners in Abu Ghraib. These acts were committed by military police of the United States Army. Did this happen because the soldiers considered the Iraqis as inhuman, and was it caused by having a certain language to refer to the enemies? In war, soldiers find it easier to cope after killing if they know that they have killed the opposing side

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Many Are the Crimes Free Essays

The period of McCarthyism brought strong anti-communist campaign in the United States which started in the 1940s and ended in the 1950s. This era was also known as the Second Red Scare. There were fears of Communist infiltration on American organizations and â€Å"espionage by Soviet agents† (Fried, 124). We will write a custom essay sample on Many Are the Crimes or any similar topic only for you Order Now It was a troubled time during the McCarthy era where many Americans where charged of being Communists or being Communist sympathizers. Many of them went through a series of investigations and interrogations by government committees and agencies. These investigations were directed at individuals who work for the government, those in the entertainment business, union members and educators. Although evidences were weak and often exaggerated, suspicions were given more weight. As a result, many Americans lost their jobs and some were even incarcerated (Fried, 150). In Ellen Schrecker’s book Many Are the Crimes, the author describes the persecution of the Communist Party in the U.S. from the 1920s until the 1950s. Schrecker believed that McCarthyism contributed to the downfall of Communism in America and thrusted the country into a gulf of right-wing sentiments which plagues the U.S. until now ( Reeves, Are You Now†¦A new study of McCarthyism and the legacy of HUAC, 1998). The first three chapters of Schrecker’s book explain the Communist Party’s emergence in the 1930s in America. She explained why the Communist Party was susceptible to attacks by the U.S. government. The second chapter â€Å"Red Baiters, Inc.† is an extensive analysis of people and institutions which characterized anticommunism in the 1920s and 1930s (Schrecker, 41). The author outlines Franklin D. Roosevelt’s stance on Communism. According to Schrecker, President Roosevelt’s approach to Communism was â€Å"non-ideological† (p. 87), there were occasions that he did not pay attention to the existence of the Communist Party and there were times that he supported political suppression. Roosevelt authorized the FBI under J. Edgar Hoover to look into the Communist Party’s movement because they saw it as â€Å"a threat to national security† (p. 89). In Chapter 4, Schrecker discusses the U.S. government’s propaganda that the Communist Party was being influenced by Moscow. In Chapter 5, the author talks about how Americans saw Communism as a national threat through â€Å"subversion, espionage and sabotage† (p. 181). In the third part of Ellen Schrecker’s book, explains the â€Å"instruments† of anti-communism and how the FBI under J. Edgar Hoover used different tactics to purge communists in America by wiretapping and surveillance (p. 239). Schrecker discussed the role of Senator John McCarthy in the â€Å"anti-communist crusade†, and his â€Å"disregard for civil liberties† (p. 265). The last chapters of the book Many Are the Crimes, Schrecker talks about the experiences of Clinton Jencks and members of the workers union and how they were persecuted and eventually lost their jobs.   Schrecker explains the impact of McCarthyism in the American society, how it â€Å"destroyed the left† and paralyzed the Communist Party (p. 369). In context, Schrecker’s book exposed the effects of the McCarthy era not only in politics but also in the entertainment business wherein the Hollywood blacklist dictated who would produce movies and star in those films. Screenwriters, actors and actresses did not escape interrogation by the anticommunist committees and those found guilty of espionage were sent to jail (Whitfield, p. 194). The unions played an important part in those days because they talked about racial concerns in terms of equality. The union also provided support for women’s issues. It showed the inequality in terms of salaries that female workers get and how they are poorly-paid in comparison with the male workers. The union also encouraged women to be strong leaders. These progressive attempts of bringing change in the role of women in society and the work force were halted during the McCarthy era (Cherny, p.10). For the most part the greatest damage done during the McCarthy era was the destruction of the American left and the decline of the Communist Party in America. In terms of social policy, McCarthyism interrupted the reforms needed for health insurance. The country’s â€Å"cultural and intellectual life† became stagnant because of censorship during the McCarthy era (Schrecker, The Legacy of McCarthyism). The downfall of the McCarthy era was due to the decline of public support and court decisions which upheld individual rights and freedom (Fried, p. 197). With the current situation in the U.S., people are more vigilant and aware of the effects of McCarthyism. This episode will serve as a â€Å"cautionary tale for future generations† (Rosen, Could It Happen Again?). Works Cited Cherny, Robert W., William Issel and Kieran Walsh Taylor. American Labor and the Cold War: Grassroots Politics and Postwar Political Culture. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 2004. Fried, Albert. McCarthyism, The Great American Red Scare: A Documentary History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. Reeves, Thomas C. â€Å"Are You Now†¦.A New Study of McCarthyism and the Legacy of HUAC†.   14 June 1998. 14reevest.html. Retrieved on 7 January 2008. Rosen, Ruth. â€Å"Could It Happen Again?† 12 May 2003. views03/0512-01.htm. Retrieved on 7 January 2008. Schrecker, Ellen. â€Å"The Legacy of McCarthyism†. Retrieved on 7 January 2008. Schrecker, Ellen. Many Are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1999. Whitfield, Stephen J. The Culture of the Cold War. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.                                  How to cite Many Are the Crimes, Essay examples

Monday, April 27, 2020

The Little Rock Integration Crisis Essays - , Term Papers

The Little Rock Integration Crisis The Little Rock Integration Crisis Nearly a century after the conclusion of the civil war, our nation was still not united. However, no longer was tension between the north and south threatening the welfare of our country, but instead the segregation of African-Americans. A primary goal in the civil war was abolishing slavery and although that was accomplished, many believed that blacks were hardly better off. However, a sense that change was necessary had swept across the United States. The desegregation movement was just beginning and the effects of the Little Rock Integration Crisis was one of the earliest stepping stones leading towards a united nation; this event helped set new standards of integration, while setting an example to the rest of the world that old forms of segregation would no longer be accepted. In the early 1950s, racial segregation was widely accepted across the nation. It was believed that this would create a better learning atmosphere for white students. Although all school districts across cities and states were supposed to be equal, facilities, teachers, and school conditions were far superior in white schools than black schools. This system was feebly challenged until 1951. In Topeka, Kansas, Oliver Brown attempted to enroll his third-grade daughter to an all white school. Olivers daughter had to walk more than a mile to her all black school, while the white school was merely seven blocks from their home. Although denied enrollment, Brown appealed all the way to the Supreme Court. In the precedent-setting trial of Brown vs. the Board of Education, Chief Justice Earl Warren declared that the Supreme Court had ruled in favor of Oliver Brown no longer would segregation be permitted. Brown vs. the Board of Education was the catalyst to the Little Rock Integration Crisis. After the decision, the Little Rock school board accepted the fact that it had to integrate black and white children in their schools. Reluctantly, the Little Rock school board developed an integration plan, although it took more than three years to create. Nonetheless, by 1957 the integration plan was finished. The plan called for three phases. The primary phase would take place in the 1957-1958 school year. During this school year, the senior high schools, grades 10-12, would be integrated. The following school year the junior high schools would be integrated. After the two previous schools were successfully integrated, the elementary schools would be integrated. As the 1957-1958 school year grew near, the board began to plan for the senior high school integration. It was decided that the Horace Mann school, better known as the all black school, would be kept intact. Some students from the Horace Mann school would be selected to attend the local white high school, called Central High. Of the several black students that volunteered to attend Central High, a selection process selected the seventeen students they felt would fit the best. These students were selected mostly on their exceptional grades; however, the students were also engaged in many extracurricular activities. As the new school year approached, the seventeen students dwindled down to nine, as many feared they would not be able to handle the intense pressures of the all white school. The tension grew in Little Rock and the students were forced to face much adversity before the school year even began. A number of whites went to court to try to put a court ordered injunction on the integration, but they were all denied. Many members of the black community disapproved of the integration as well, claiming that the students did not deserve to be among the higher class white students and that they would be out of place. The Little Rock school board did as much as they could to limit the blacks as well. Knowing they could not prevent integration, the school board simply laid several restrictions on the new black students, banning them from extracurricular activities and athletics. The school board cited that this was because they were transfer students; however, the truth was quite evident that this was not truly the reason. Regardless, these nine, courageous students prepared to attend their first day at Central High on September 3, 1957. On September 2, 1957, the night before